The protection of personal data is now more important than ever. With the introduction of the Privacy-The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has tightened the requirements for companies with regard to data protection. At the heart of this regulation are the technical and organizational measures (TOMs) that must be implemented in accordance with Art. 32 GDPR are crucial to guarantee the privacy and security of individual data. These measures focus on physical security aspects as well as procedural and strategic procedures within an organization to ensure a high level of privacy and security. Data protection compliance and Data security to reach.

Adequate implementation of these measures is not only a question of legal compliance, but also a sign that companies are taking the Privacy and are prepared to invest in the security of their data and the rights of their customers. TOMs are therefore an indispensable component of every Data protection strategy and help to strengthen trust between companies and users.

Key findings

  • Art. 32 GDPR is the centerpiece for the Data security within the Privacy-Basic Regulation.
  • Technical measures include, for example, the Encryption of data and alarm systems, while organizational measures Include employee training and data protection guidelines.
  • The selection and implementation of TOMs must reflect the current State of the art and economic efficiency.
  • The effective implementation of TOMs requires proactive action and continuous review of data protection measures.
  • Companies need to Data protection compliance by documenting their TOMs and undergoing regular audits.
  • The principle of proportionality plays a decisive role in the selection of data protection measures.

Introduction to technical and organizational measures

In the digital age, where data is the new currency, data protection forms the backbone of the relationship of trust between companies and customers. The focus here is on technical and organizational measures (TOMs), which are an integral part of compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). These measures not only serve to protect the data processing systems, but also to maintain the Integrity and confidentiality personal information.

Nature and significance of TOMs under the GDPR

Among the Data protection measures is understood according to Art. 32 GDPR those precautions that are intended to secure the processing of personal data and maintain its integrity. This includes both digital Security measures as well as internal company processes, which provide a holistic Risk management enable. The relevance of these measures is also manifested in how they lay the foundation for GDPR-compliant Data security create.

The history of TOMs and their legal basis

Historically were Technical and organizational measures were already anchored in data protection legislation - but it was only with the establishment of the GDPR that they were redesigned. Since May 25, 2018, companies have been responsible for verifiably demonstrating a level of data protection compliance through the documentation and implementation of effective TOMs. This includes a broad spectrum of GDPR requirementswhich ensures an adequate level of security and at the same time takes into account the constant change in the risk landscape.

Implementation requirements for companies

To ensure GDPR-compliant Data protection strategy companies are faced with the challenge of implementing suitable technological or organizational Data protection measures and implement them. It is essential that not only compliance with the Security measuresbut also their effectiveness must be continuously verified as part of comprehensive risk management. An auditable data protection management system sets the course for legally compliant and secure data processing in companies.

Art. 32 GDPR Technical and organizational measures

The General Data Protection Regulation (Art. 32 GDPR) places clear requirements on companies to develop specific Technical and organizational measures to ensure the security of personal data. These measures form the foundation of an efficient Privacy-management and are crucial to meeting the diverse requirements of the GDPR. This is not just about implementing individual security tools, but also about creating processing procedures that ensure the protection and integrity of data in the long term.

Of particular importance in the context of the GDPR requirements have the Pseudonymization and the Encryption of data. These measures make a decisive contribution to minimizing the risk of unwanted data access and retaining control over data sovereignty.

However, the introduction of such methods alone is not enough. The technical and organizational measures Instead, their effectiveness must be evaluated through constant reviews. This dynamic component of data protection management requires continuous adaptation to changing framework conditions as well as current technological possibilities and threat scenarios.

  • Encryption of the data to ensure confidentiality and integrity
  • Pseudonymization as a means of minimizing risk
  • Regular review of security protocols and access rights
  • Documentation and proof of Data protection measures
  • Consideration of the proportionality between the need for protection and Implementation costs

This process-oriented approach to data protection requires not only the definition of measures, but also their integration into the everyday life of the company: Training, guidelines and process descriptions serve as tools to raise awareness of data handling and establish a comprehensive data protection culture.

In summary, it can be said that the Art. 32 GDPR is far more than a list of measures to be taken. It is an ongoing commitment for companies of all sizes to understand and maintain data protection as an integral part of their corporate management and culture.

The role of TOMs in the General Data Protection Regulation

The introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has ushered in a new era in data protection law. A key pillar of this regulation is the implementation of technical and organizational measures (TOMs), which are decisive for the Data protection compliance and the GDPR compliance are. They serve both to increase the security of the processing of personal data and to safeguard the rights of data subjects.

Responsible and Processor are required to establish effective TOMs that provide an adequate level of protection for personal data. Such measures should not only ensure the security of data, but also strengthen the integrity of a company's data protection system.

Approved rules of conduct or Certifications can serve as indicators to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of Article 32 of the GDPR. The Confidentiality, integrity and availability of the data must be regularly reviewed and guaranteed. As a result, a continuous evaluation of the measures is necessary in order to be able to react dynamically to changing technological conditions and threat situations.

Ultimately, TOMs play a crucial role in ensuring that the processing of personal data always takes place under the control of the controller and that all persons involved act in accordance with the data protection measures. This responsive Data protection management helps to deepen trust in companies and their practices and to stand out through transparency and customer centricity. With an effective use of TOMs, a company underlines its commitment to both the General Data Protection Regulation as well as to the rights of each individual person whose data it processes.

Technical measures for data security

Securing critical IT infrastructures and the integrity of data are central pillars of the General Data Protection Regulation. We shed light on specific Technical security measureswhich are essential for achieving and maintaining a high level of data security.

Technical measures at a glance

Technical measures provide a robust foundation for the Data security. Essential tools include firewalls that ward off external attacks on the one hand and regulate internal data traffic on the other. Modern anti-virus programs and regular software updates are further steps to preventively close security gaps.

Encryption and pseudonymization as core aspects

To secure confidential information, leading companies rely on Encryption and Pseudonymization. Encryption ensures that data cannot be read without the corresponding key, even if it falls into the wrong hands. Pseudonymization on the other hand, reduces the linking of data records with identifiable persons and is therefore an effective means of reducing risk. Both methods are an integral part of a well thought-out data protection concept.

Physical protection of data processing systems

In addition to digital security, the physical security of data processing systems is crucial. Alarm and access control systems prevent unauthorized access to sensitive areas. Strict access protocols and structural measures such as reinforced doors or security locks serve as barriers against physical attacks on the IT infrastructure.

Organizational measures to safeguard data processing

In order to ensure the integrity and security of personal data organizational measures crucial. These strategic courses of action ensure that Data protection management is not just a guideline, but is actively practiced in day-to-day business.

Internal guidelines and processes

Data protection management begins with the formulation of clear internal guidelines. These form the framework for data protection in the company and regulate IT and Internet use in particular. By defining standards and procedural instructions, the Employee competence strengthened with regard to data protection.

Training of employees and commitment to data confidentiality

Regular training is essential to develop employees' skills and raise awareness of the responsible handling of personal data. All team members are also bound to data secrecy in order to guarantee the confidentiality and protection of data at all times.

Data security procedures and dealing with incidents

Clearly defined processes are necessary for an effective response to data protection incidents. This includes the development of emergency plans and the establishment of procedures that ensure a quick and appropriate response in the event of a data breach.

Measure Purpose Responsible
Establishment of data protection guidelines Clear guidelines for handling data Data Protection Officer
Implementation of employee training Increasing data protection competence Human Resources
Development of emergency plans Response to data protection incidents Security management

Risk management and data protection impact assessment

In the constantly changing digital landscape, a proactive Risk management to identify and mitigate potential data protection risks. The GDPR underlines this with Art. 32 GDPR and Art. 35 GDPR, which require the implementation of a Privacy Impact Assessment (DSFA). In particular in the case of data processing operations involving a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, such a Risk analysis provided.

The DSFA is used to assess the likelihood and severity of potential data breaches and to take appropriate action. Technical and organizational measures to plan and implement measures to minimize or eliminate risks. A thorough DSFA helps to make data protection risks transparent and to develop strategies that strengthen the company's security profile.

  • Early detection of data protection risks
  • Analysis of the probability of occurrence and potential impact of data protection incidents
  • Development and implementation of technical and organizational protective measures
  • Continuous monitoring and adjustment of data protection strategies

The creation and monitoring of a Risk management-The implementation of a data protection plan is an ongoing process that requires the evaluation and adaptation of data protection practices in the corporate context in order to meet the constantly changing challenges.

Process step Goal
Risk identification Identification of potential sources of risk
Risk assessment Estimation of the probability of occurrence and degrees of severity
Risk minimization Planning and implementation of suitable protective measures
Monitoring and adaptation Regular monitoring and optimization of the Risk management-strategies

The DSFA is an essential aspect of the Risk management and a tool that companies can use to protect themselves against potential data protection risks. The action plan resulting from the DPIA makes it possible to prepare response strategies that provide a quick and effective response to data protection incidents and strengthen user confidence in the company's data security policy.

Obligation to provide documentation and accountability in accordance with Art. 32 GDPR

The documentation and obligation to provide evidence in accordance with Article 32 of the General Data Protection Regulation is a central pillar for creating transparency and making the implementation of data protection measures traceable. This means that companies are not only obliged to implement suitable Technical and organizational measures but also to document them completely. Such Data protection documentation serve as essential proof of compliance with the GDPR accountability.

Creation of the list of processing activities (VVT)

An essential component of the GDPR documentation obligation is the creation of a List of processing activities (VVT). All relevant information on the processing of personal data is recorded in this directory. It therefore provides an overview of data management and supports compliance with the Accountability.

Importance of written documentation of technical and organizational measures

The written recording of the implemented technical and organizational measures is not only a formal necessity - it also serves to ensure the effectiveness and appropriateness of the Data protection strategy to provide evidence. It also enables us to provide information quickly and effectively in the event of audits by the supervisory authorities or questions from data subjects.

Transparency and proof of data protection compliance

An open approach to data protection measures and their documentation promotes transparency and shows that companies respect the fundamental rights and freedoms of users. The willingness to comply with GDPR accountability not only demonstrates legal compliance, but also efforts to create a responsible corporate culture.

Element of the documentation Contents
List of processing activities (VVT) Detailed list of all processing activities including purpose and legal basis
Technical measures Documentation of security technologies such as encryption and firewalls
Organizational measures Proof of internal guidelines, training and processes for data protection

Measuring the effectiveness of TOMs

The Compliance with Article 32 GDPR is essential for companies of paramount importance when it comes to protecting the confidentiality and integrity of personal data. A central role is played here by the ongoing Effectiveness testwhich Evaluation of data protection measures and the continuous Data protection monitoring. These processes not only serve to monitor and maintain safety standards, but are also crucial for adapting to new risks and technologies.

Companies must establish efficient mechanisms to implement regular reviews of technical and organizational measures (TOMs). The Provisions of Art. 32 GDPR explicitly call for procedures to constantly monitor the effectiveness of these measures in order to ensure a consistently high level of data protection.

  • Regular Data protection auditsto assess compliance with the data protection guidelines.
  • Implementation of Penetration teststo identify and close security gaps.
  • Use of Monitoring systemswhich monitor activities in real time and report irregularities.

Transparent documentation of the results of these checks is important in order to be able to act accountably in the event of any data protection breaches. The data collected during these processes provides deeper insights and makes it possible to take preventative measures to improve and maintain data protection.

The Effectiveness test of TOMs is therefore a dynamic process that requires continuous adaptation and optimization of data protection strategies. Only by continuously monitoring and adapting to the constantly changing framework conditions can companies guarantee the security of the processed data and secure the trust of their customers in the long term.

Proportionality principle in the selection of TOMs

When it comes to protecting personal data in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the Principle of proportionality a central role. It calls for a balanced consideration of data protection requirements and the associated Implementation costswithout compromising on safety. It is essential to always keep the State of the art and the necessary Level of data protection must be taken into account.

Weighing up protection requirements and implementation costs

The selection and implementation of technical and organizational measures should always be based on a thorough cost-benefit analysis. It must be ensured that the costs of implementing data protection measures are in reasonable proportion to the protection requirements of the data to be secured. This approach helps companies to develop efficient and economically viable data protection strategies.

Consideration of the current state of the art

Technology is developing rapidly, and data protection measures must be constantly adapted accordingly. The State of the art plays a crucial role here and includes not only the latest security tools, but also established methods and processes that have proven to be effective. The choice of the right TOMs must therefore be based on the latest technological developments.

Compliance with the level of data protection in relation to the processing purposes

The aim of technical and organizational measures is to ensure an appropriate Level of data protection to achieve and maintain data security. This refers not only to the security of the data, but also to the need to ensure that the measures correspond to the nature and purpose of the data processing. The more sensitive the data, the higher the level of data protection required.

Proportionate level of data protection through TOMs

Ultimately, the Principle of proportionality, Implementation costs, State of the art and the necessary Level of data protection essential factors that must be reconciled in order to both meet the requirements of the GDPR and create a practice-oriented data protection environment in companies.

Appropriate technical and organizational measures for processors

In the modern data economy Processor plays a decisive role when it comes to the processing of personal data. According to GDPR Art. 28 are not only the companies responsible for the data, but also the service providers commissioned by them, i.e. Processorcommitted to providing adequate Technical and organizational measures to ensure data protection. In the course of the Responsibility for selection companies must ensure that their service providers are able to meet the comprehensive requirements of data protection, which in turn requires a high level of Data protection compliance is a prerequisite.

This means that when selecting suitable service providers, it is not only their pricing or portfolio of services that must be taken into account. Competence in the area of data protection and the willingness to both implement and follow up on appropriate measures are also crucial. Specifically, the Art. 32 GDPR that Processor must take measures to ensure the confidentiality, integrity and availability of personal data on a permanent basis.

Contracts between data processing companies and their processors must therefore contain specific clauses that aim to clearly define and document what is required of processors in terms of the GDPR. In addition to appropriate security of the IT infrastructure, this also includes process instructions and training for the service provider's employees on how to handle data in compliance with data protection regulations.

The following table provides an overview of the necessary technical and organizational measures for processors:

Technical measures Organizational measures
Encryption of data Training on data protection practice
Regular safety audits Obligation of employees to maintain data confidentiality
Access controls Creation and implementation of data protection guidelines

Implementing these measures not only helps to increase data security, but also strengthens the trust of customers and business partners in the company's data protection practices. A transparent and documented approach is the key to avoiding breaches of the GDPR and potential sanctions.

In summary, it can be said that the selection and monitoring of processors is an integral part of the Data protection strategy of a company must be. It is no longer enough to simply make your own company processes compliant with data protection regulations. Rather, the responsibility extends to the entire data processing chain, which means that the Responsibility for selection is a key challenge under the GDPR.

Technical and organizational measures in the data protection audit

A comprehensive Data protection audit is a fundamental component for checking the efficiency and legal compliance of technical and organizational measures within a company. In the course of such an audit, not only are existing processes and strategies examined in detail, but potential weaknesses are also identified and Safety assessments undertaken. The aim is to Recognize and assess data protection risksin order to develop an optimized Data protection strategy to develop.

Through the implementation of Continuous monitoring data processing processes are monitored and unusual activities are detected at an early stage. This is a dynamic process that requires constant monitoring and adaptation to the constantly changing framework conditions in order to ensure an adequate level of security. Level of data protection to be maintained.

The audit itself can be carried out by both internal audit departments and external auditors, with particular attention being paid to compliance with current legal data protection requirements, especially the Data Protection Act. Art. 32 GDPRis emphasized. The main focus here is on thorough Risk analysis which serves as the basis for improvement measures.

Focus of the audit Objective Significance for the data protection strategy
Review of technical measures Verification of security systems and protocols Guarantee of data integrity and confidentiality
Evaluation of organizational processes Safeguarding data protection-compliant processes Maintaining compliance and further developing guidelines
Analysis of risk management Evaluation of risk identification and control Early warning system for data protection risks and basis for strategic decisions

A Data protection audit is therefore a key measure for taking data protection obligations seriously and actively establishing a future-proof data protection concept. The process not only promotes transparency and accountability within the company, but also demonstrates to customers and partners a firm commitment to the protection of personal data and freedom of information.


The comprehensive consideration of Art. 32 GDPR underlines the importance of an effective data protection strategy for the Corporate security. By consistently implementing and documenting the prescribed technical and organizational measures, companies not only meet their compliance obligations, but also strengthen trust in their brand. The key elements for successful implementation include a holistic security concept and the creation of a data protection culture that is supported by all levels.

Summary of the key points of Art. 32 GDPR

Art. 32 GDPR forms a challenging framework that obliges responsible companies to implement adequate Technical and organizational measures implement. The focus here is on the protection of personal data and maintaining a high level of data protection that is in line with the current level of data protection. State of the art and the Implementation costs takes appropriate account of this. This pillar of the GDPR sets out how data protection should be practiced in the modern digital economy.

Important steps for companies to comply with the TOMs

In order to implement and comply with the TOMs, it is crucial that companies have the necessary Compliance measures define, implement and continuously review data protection policies. This includes the evaluation and adaptation of data protection strategies as well as regular employee training. In addition, regular data protection audits and impact assessments should be carried out to ensure continuous improvement of data protection practices.

Effects of effective implementation on data protection and corporate security

The effective implementation of Art. 32 proves to be essential for security and trust in a company. If TOMs can be conscientiously and transparently integrated into company processes, this not only leads to an increase in the level of data protection, but also to greater resilience to cyberattacks and other security risks. As a result, the Corporate security and laid the foundation for a successful long-term business relationship with customers and partners.


What are technical and organizational measures (TOMs)?

Technical and organizational measures (TOMs) are Security measuresthat are used to protect personal data. They include physical, administrative and technological safeguards to minimize risks to the data and ensure the security of the data. Data protection compliance in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in particular Art. 32 GDPR.

What requirements does Art. 32 GDPR place on companies?

Art. 32 GDPR requires companies to take appropriate technical and organizational measures to ensure a level of protection of personal data appropriate to the risk. This includes protection against accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure or access.

How should companies implement technical data security measures?

Companies should implement technical measures such as the encryption and pseudonymization of data, the use of firewalls and the physical protection of data processing systems in order to protect their IT systems and infrastructure.

What do organizational measures for securing data processing include?

Organizational measures include the establishment of internal guidelines, regular Data protection training for employeesThe obligation to maintain data confidentiality as well as emergency plans and procedures for dealing with data breaches.

Why is risk management important in the context of Art. 32 GDPR?

Risk management is essential for identifying potential data protection risks and taking measures to mitigate them. It helps to achieve a high Level of data protection and to meet the requirements of Art. 32 GDPR and to carry out a data protection impact assessment for high-risk processing operations.

What is the significance of documentation and accountability in the context of Art. 32 GDPR?

Companies are obliged to demonstrate compliance with the GDPR through careful documentation. This includes the creation of a list of processing activities, the written recording of all TOMs and proof of the Data protection compliance vis-à-vis the supervisory authorities and data subjects.

How is the effectiveness of technical and organizational measures measured?

The effectiveness of measures is measured through regular reviews and evaluations. This can be done through data protection audits, penetration tests or Continuous monitoring to ensure the ongoing efficiency of data protection measures.

What does the principle of proportionality mean when implementing TOMs?

The Principle of proportionality requires companies to strike a balance between the protection needs of the data and the costs when selecting and implementing TOMs. Implementation costs taking into account the current state of the art.

Are processors also obliged to implement TOMs?

Yes, both controllers and processors must take appropriate technical and organizational measures to meet the requirements of the GDPR, including Art. 28 and Art. 32 GDPR.

To what extent does a data protection audit support companies in implementing TOMs?

A Data protection audit evaluates the implementation and effectiveness of the TOMs, identifies weaknesses and offers the opportunity to optimize the company's data protection strategy. It serves to review and improve compliance with Art. 32 GDPR.

DSB buchen